ICAR syllabus

Code 13: MAJOR SUBJECT GROUP – ANIMAL BIOTECHNOLOGY

 

13.1: Animal Biotechnology

13.2: Vety./Animal Biochemistry

UNIT-I: Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, cell wall, membranes, cell organelles, organization and functions, chromosome structure and functions, cell growth division and differentiation. Sub unit structure of macromolecules and supermolecular systems. Self assembly of sub units, viruses, bacteriophage, ribosomes and membrane systems.

UNIT-II: Scope and importance of biochemistry in animal sciences, cell structure and functions. Chemistry and biological significance of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, vitamins and hormones. Enzymes— chemistry, kinetics and mechanism of action and regulation. Metabolic inhibitors with special reference to antibiotics and insecticides. Biological oxidation, energy metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids and nucleic acids. Colorimetry, spectrophotometry, chromatography and electrophoresis methods.

UNIT-III: Chemistry of antigens and antibodies and molecular basis of immune reaction, radio-immune assay and other assays. Chemistry of respiration and gas transport, water and electrolyte metabolism. Deficiency diseases, metabolic disorders and clinical biochemistry. Endocrine glands, biosynthesis of hormones and their mechanism of action.

UNIT-IV: History of molecular biology, biosynthesis of proteins and nucleic acids, genome organization, regulation of gene expression, polymerase chain reaction, basic principles of biotechnology applicable to veterinary science gene sequence, immunodiagnostics, animal cell culture, in vitro fertilization. Sub-unit vaccines: Principles of fermentation technology. Basic principles of stem cell and animal cloning.

Code 14: MAJOR GROUP – VETERINARY SCIENCE

Subjects:

14.1: Veterinary Anatomy & Histology

14.2: Veterinary Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Reproductive Biology/ Ani. Reproduction

14.3: Vety. Medicine (Clinical and Preventive),

14.4: Veterinary Parasitology,

14.5: Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology,

14.6: Veterinary Pathology

14.7: Epidemiology/ Wild Life Science/ Wild Life Health Mgt.

14.8: Vety.Virology,

14.9: Vety. Immunology,

14.10: Veterinary Microbiology/ Bacteriology,

14.11: Veterinary Surgery / & Radiology

14.12: Veterinary Public Health)

 

UNIT I: Anatomy and Physiology.

Structure of cells, cell organelles, chromosome structure and functions, cell growth, division and differentiation and functions. Structure and function of basic tissues-epithelium, connective tissue, muscle and nervous tissue. Gross Morphology, Histology and physiology of mammalian organs and systems, major sense organs and receptors, circulatory system. Digestion in simple stomached animals, birds and fermentative digestion in ruminants, Kidney and its functions-respiratory systemanimal behaviour-growth-influence of environment on animal production-biotechnology in animal production and reproduction-electrophysiology of different types of muscle fibres. Exocrine and endocrine glands, hormones and their functions, blood composition and function. Homeostasis, osmoregulation and blood clotting. Gametogenesis and development of urogenital organs. Boundaries of body cavities. Pleural and peritoneal reflections.

UNIT-II: Veterinary Microbiology (Bacteriology, Virology, Immunology), Veterinary Pathology, Parasitology.

Classification and growth characteristics of bacteria, important bacterial diseases of livestock and poultry, general characters, classification of important fungi. Nature of viruses, morphology and characteristics, viral immunity, important viral diseases of livestock and poultry. Viral vaccines. Antigen and antibody, antibody formation, immunity, allergy, anaphylaxis, hypersensitivity, immunoglobulins, complement system. Etiology of diseases and concept, extrinsic and intrinsic factors, inflammation, degeneration, necrosis, calcification, gangrene, death, atrophy, hypertrophy, benign and malignant tumours in domestic animals. General classification, morphology, life cycle of important parasites, important parasitic diseases (Helminths, Protozoa and Arthropods) of veterinary importance with respect to epidemiology, symptoms, pathogeneses, diagnosis, immunity and control.

UNIT-III: Veterinary Medicine, Epidemiology, Veterinary Surgery and Veterinary Obstetrics & Gynaecology including Reproduction.

Clinical examination and diagnosis, Etiology, epidemiology, symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment and control of diseases affecting different body systems of various species of domestic animals, epidemiology— aims, objectives, ecological concepts and applications. General surgical principles and management of surgical cases. Types, administration and effects of anaesthesia. Principles and use of radiological techniques in the diagnosis of animal diseases. Estrus and estrus cycle in domestic animals, Synchronization of estrus, fertilization, pregnancy diagnosis, parturition, management of postpartum complications dystokia and its management, fertility, infertility and its management, artificial insemination.

UNIT-IV: Veterinary Public Health, Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology.

Zoonotic diseases through milk and meat, Zoo animal health. Source and nature of drugs, pharmacokinetics, Chemotherapy-sulpha drugs, antibiotics, mechanism and problem of drug resistance. Drug allergy, important poisonous plants, toxicity of important agrochemicals and their detoxification, drugs action on different body systems.

 

Code 15: MAJOR SUBJECT GROUP – ANIMAL SCIENCES

Subjects:

15.1: Animal Husbandry/Animal Sci./Dairy Sci,

15.2: Animal Genetics & Breeding,

15.3: Animal Nutrition/Feed/Fodder Tech.,

15.4: Vety/Animal Physiology,

15.5: Livestock Production & Management,

15.6: Livestock Products Technology & Meat Science Tech.,

15.7: Poultry Science,

15.8: Animal Husbandry/ Veterinary Extension Education

15.9: Livestock/Animal Husbandry/ Veterinary Economics

15.10: Bio-Statistics

UNIT-I: Animal Genetics and Breeding- Principles of animal genetics, cell structure and multiplication. Mendel’s laws, principles of population genetics, concept of heredity, heterosis and mutation, principles of evolution, principles of molecular genetics, genetic code, quantitative and qualitative traits. Selection of breeding methods in livestock and poultry. Population statistics of livestock.

UNIT-II: Animal Nutrition, Feed Technology, Animal Physiology. General nutrition, proximate principles, carbohydrates, proteins and fats their digestion and metabolism in ruminants and non-ruminants. Energy partition- measures of protein quality. Water, minerals, vitamins and additives, feeds and fodders and their classification. Common antinutritional factors and unconventional feeds. Hay and silage making. Grinding, chaffing, pelleting, roasting, feed block. Feed formulation principles. Digestion- control motility and secretion of alimentary tract. Mechanism, natural and chemical control of respiration, gaseous exchange and transport, high altitude living, physiology of work and exercise. Cardiac cycle, natural control of cardiovascular system. Smooth and skeletal muscle contraction. Blood coagulation. Physiology of immune system. Male and female reproduction including artificial insemination, in-vitro fertilization, cryo-preservation. Excretory system.

UNIT III: Animal Husbandry, Dairy Science, Livestock Production and Management, Animal Product Technology & Meat Science and Poultry Science.

General concepts of livestock production and management, status of dairy and poultry industry, impact of livestock farming in Indian agriculture. Livestock housing, production and reproduction management, lactation management, breeding programmes for livestock and poultry. Composition, quality control and preservation of livestock products, methods of processing and storage livestock products. International Trade/WTO/IPR issues related to livestock products.

UNIT IV: Veterinary Extension.

Concept of sociology, differences between rural, tribal and urban communities, social change, factors of change. Principles and steps of extension education, community development– aims, objectives, organizational set up and concept evolution of extension in India, extension teaching methods. Role of livestock in economy. Identifying social taboos, social differences, obstacles in the way of organizing developmental programmes. Concept of marketing, principles of co-operative societies, animal husbandry development planning and programme, key village scheme, ICDD, Gosadan, Goshala, Role of Gram Panchayat in livestock development. Basics of statistics, data analysis and computational techniques.

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